People's skin ages over time, which can lead to wrinkles developing. The skin ages due to a combination of factors, including reducing collagen production, the loss of subcutaneous fat, and damage from free radicals. Free radicals are molecules that occur naturally in the body. However, they can also come from external sources, such as air pollution or cigarette smoke. These molecules are unstable and react quickly with other molecules. This can cause cell damage or even death. As people age, their bodies have a more challenging time repairing this damage. That is why some dermatologists suggest starting anti-ageing serum after the 30s.
As we age, the collagen in our skin begins to break down. Collagen is a protein that gives the skin its structure and strength. It also helps the skin keep its elasticity and firmness. As it breaks down, the skin becomes thinner and less elastic. In addition, the layer of fat under the skin starts to diminish, which weakens its structure further and leads to sagging skin and fine lines around the eyes, mouth, and forehead. Research has found that sun exposure contributes to 80% of visible facial ageing in people aged between 40–60 years old. This is because wrinkles develop due to repeated facial expressions over time, and sun exposure makes them more likely to appear earlier.
The sun is the leading cause of skin ageing. Ultraviolet (UV) light speeds up the natural ageing process of your skin, causing wrinkles and rough, blotchy skin. In fact, sun exposure is the No. 1 reason for skin ageing signs, including uneven pigmentation. Exposure to sunlight can cause age spots and wrinkles to form earlier in life than they otherwise would have. It also causes rough, leathery skin, a condition called actinic keratosis. Actinic keratosis is considered precancerous, which can turn into skin cancer. The risk of developing actinic keratosis and skin cancer increases with age, and with each time, you spend a lot of time in the sun without protecting your skin from UV rays.
Smoking also contributes to wrinkles because smoking narrows the tiny blood vessels in the outermost layers of your skin. This depletes your skin of oxygen and nutrients essential to skin health. Smoking also damages collagen and elastin — the fibres that give your skin strength and elasticity. In addition, the repetitive facial expressions you make when smoking — such as pursing your lips when inhaling and squinting your eyes to keep out smoke — can contribute to wrinkles.
You don't need to spend hours in the sun to damage your skin. However, even a few minutes of unprotected exposure can cause dark spots and wrinkles. Therefore, most dermatologists recommend applying sunscreen every day, even when it's cloudy or you're not planning to go outside. In addition, sunscreen is essential if exposed to sunlight at work or use tanning beds.
Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that come in many forms, including creams, gels, and serums. They help prevent collagen breakdown, which leads to fine lines and wrinkles. Retinoids are also proven to reverse sun damage and reduce acne effectively. In addition, you can try andMe's non-toxic and paraben-free anti-blemish Retinol serum. This anti-ageing face serum consists of Hyaluronic acid that unclogs the dirty pores and cleanses your skin from inside.
Another way to keep your skin firm and supple is by using a moisturizer every day after you shower or wash your face. Moisturizers work by trapping water in your skin, which may help reduce the appearance of wrinkles. Be sure to choose one that contains SPF 30 or higher so you can protect your skin from future sun damage as well.
Drinking enough water is essential for keeping your body healthy inside and out. Staying hydrated is crucial for healthy skin. Water helps keep your skin moist and supple. It helps flush away toxins from your body, including those that can build up in the skin and cause collagen breakdown, contributing to wrinkles and sagging skin. Additionally, dehydration can cause the skin to look drier and more wrinkled, which can be improved with proper hydration.